Cyber security in India

Cyber Crimes In India

Digital networks are fast expanding all over the world. With the rapid development of information and computer technology, cybercrimes are also increasing at a rampant growth. In the 21st century, the physical world is witnessing a new trend of virtual world. In this virtual world, everything is so interconnected that it gives rise to need for cybersecurity. As per NITI Aayog Report, the cyberspace crimes have increased drastically over the last 10 years.

Cyber Threats:

Different types of cyber attacks have evolved over a period of time such as virus, malwares, ransomwares, hacking, phishing, identity theft, advanced worm and trojan, cyber espionage etc.


Who are Cyber Attackers:

Different cyber attackers are given different names on the basis of activities involved in committing crime:

  • Cyber Criminals
  • Cyber Terrorists
  • Cyber Hacktivist
  • Cyber Espionage

Statistics related to Cybercrimes in India:

  1. The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) presents its report providing for data of crimes and its effect.
  2. India witnessed 13.91 lakh cyber security incidents in 2022 as informed by Minister of State for Electronics and Information Technology.
  3. Total money lost in cyber crimes cases in 2022 is Rs. 3,63,11,54,443.
  4. Total money recovered in cyber crime cases is Rs. 46,87,89,415.

Cyber Crime cases were found highest in Karnatka i.e. 16.2%, followed by Telangana i.e. 13.4% and Assam i.e. 10.1%.

Incidents of Cyber Crimes in India:

A number of cyber crimes are committed daily in India.
In Jan,2023, cyber conmen looted Rs. 600 crore in Telangana in 2 years.
Cyber Attack on Cosmos Bank,2018.
Bomb Hoax Mail Case,2009.
AIIMS server hack case,2022.
Shreya Singhal vs Union of India, 2015 SC In the landmark judgement, the Supreme Court declared section 66 A of IT Act,2000 as unconstitutional.

Indian Government's Initiatives: Cyber security in India :

The Government of India has introduced various laws and policies to curb these activities and to promote cyber safety. These are:

1. National Cyber Security Strategy, 2020:
It seems to improve cyber awareness and cyber security.

2. National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre:
It is a nodal agency for protection and resilience of critical information infrastructure.

3. Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre, 2020:
It deals with all types of cyber crimes in comprehensive and coordinated manner.

4. Cyber Surakshit Bharat Initiative, 2018:
It was launched with the aim to spread awareness about cyber crime.

5. Cyber Swachhta Kendra:
It was provided to internet users to clean their computers and devices by wiping out viruses and malware.

6. Information Technology Act,2000:
The Act provides for use of computers, computer system, computer network and data and information in e-form.

7. National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal:
It enables citizens to report cyber crimes online to the law enforcement agencies.

8. Computer Emergency Response Team- India:
It collects, analyses and disseminates information on cyber incidents and issues alert on cyber security incidents.

9. Digital Personal Data Protection Bill,2022:
To ensure use of personal data for lawful purposes only and proposes penalty upto Rs.500 crore for databreaches.

10. Cybersecurity Treaties:
Cyber Security has been sign with the countries like US, Russia, UK, South Korea and European counties.

11. Defence Cyber Agency:
It is created by Indian armed forces.

Way Forward:

  • Strengthening joint efforts of different countries.
  • Information sharing of cybercrimes beyond the borders.
  • To promote cybersecurity research.
  • To find the gaps in organizational structure and create a layered security system.
  • To issue advisories and threat warnings to citizens of the country so as to save them from cybercrimes.

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